Archive centreBarrow
TitleBuccleuch Estates, Furness
DescriptionThese records relate exclusively to the Furness Estate of the Dukes of Buccleuch and the Boughton Estates Co. Ltd. They were transferred from Tytup Hall, Dalton-in-Furness to the Estate Office, Boughton Estates Ltd., Weekly, Northamptonshire in about 1968. Most of the material dates from the appointment of Edward Wadham as agent for Furness in 1854. The deposit includes other items, 1678-1969, under agents Thomas Atkinson (circa 1743-1800), William Atkinson (circa 1800-1821), John Cranke (1821-1854), Walter FA Wadham (1913-1945) and HA Slater (1945-1968). Many items relate to the mining interests of the Duke of Buccleuch as Lord of Furness Manors, as well as to the management of the estate. The main series are summarised below:

Letter books (33) 1854-1934; Letters (in) general 1854-1943; Letters (out) general 1919-1945; Letters (in) from FI Nicholl, principal agent 1854-1889; Memoranda of interviews between Furness agent and principal agent 1854-1933.

Cash books (7) 1854-1953; Bank books (7) 1864-1903; Pay books (7) 1856-1920, 1946-1961; Account books (6) 1896-1951; Furness estate vouchers 1854-1881, 1955-1957; Accounts of agent with Duke 1850-1932; Ledgers of rents (4) 1876-1965; Rentals 1932-1969; Draft rentals and rent audits 1921-1969.

Liberty of Furness, manors of Dalton, Plain Furness with Egton-with-Newland, Hawkshead, Ulverston and Pennington: court books (21) 1740-1925; enrolment books (15) 1842-1938; verdicts books (6) 1865-1925; perambulation maps; Manor of Ulverston rentals 1855-1916.

Leases and agreements regarding mines and quarries 1746-1916; Mining applications 1829-1919; Shipments 1824-1854; Royalty returns and accounts of disposal of ore 1835-1900, 1941-1961; Mining reports of 1872-1873, 1881-1946; Reports on quarries, sandpits and brickworks 1903-1947; maps and plans.

Walney papers 1717-1940; papers regarding churches, schools and charities 1725-1931; agricultural leases and agreements 1781-1926; 6", 25" and geological O.S. maps copy tithe maps; enfranchised lands maps; plans; printed works; photocopies and microfilm (2) of records retained at Boughton Estates Office
Date18th century-20th century
ContextChief Stewards and Principal Agents to Duke of Buccleuch:

Nicholl and Smyth

Oddie, Lumley, Nicholl and Smyth : Mr HH Oddie

Lumley, Nicholl and Smyth : Mr Lumley

Nicholl & Newman : Mr FI Nicholl

Nicholl, Newman, Manisty and Nicholl : Messrs FI and HF Nicholl

Nicholl, Manisty and Co. : Mr HF Nicholl

Agents for Furness Estate:

Edward Wadham.

Born 1828; son of Thomas Wadham of Frenchay House, Gloucestershire. Married Mary Elizabeth Ainslie of Grizedale Hall, Hawkshead at Hawkshead Church on 20 Sep 1860.

Children: Amy, born 1861, sickly; Arthur Edward Montagu, born 1863, married Marguerite Josephine Bridson formerly of Bryerswood, Windermere on 9 Oct 1900 at St Paul's, Knightsbridge, became County Councillor for Cockermouth 1914; Walter Francis Ainslie born 1865 [see below], succeeded father as agent in 1913, Lieutenant-Colonel; Dora Louise, born 1869; Winifred Mary, born 1875, married Lieutenant George Ainslie Rooke RN in 17 Feb 1907; Gerald Douglas, born 1879, married Edna Elizabeth Bamford at Cheltenham, November 1910.

Civil Engineer: Wadham, Turner and Strongitharm, Duke Street.

Appointed agent of Duke of Buccleuch for Furness, Jun 1854.

One of first Aldermen of Barrow; Mayor twice; Chief Magistrate.

Director of Furness Railway Company 1887 - retirement in 1911.

Agent of Barrow Haematite Steel Company in Ireland 1877-1879 and director.

One of first to attempt to form Barrow Conservative party; joint president of Barrow Unionist Association.

Secretary to North Lonsdale Agricultural Society; Chairman of directors of North Lonsdale Iron and Steel Company.

Member of Board of Guardians.

Commission as Justice of the Peace, Jan 1869.

Worked from Lindal Mount, then Millwood, Dalton-in-Furness.

Died Jun 1913 aged 85, buried at Satterthwaite.

Succeeded as agent by son, WFA Wadham.

Walter FA Wadham.

Born: 5 Feb 1865 at Millwood, second son of Edward Wadham.

Educated: Charterhouse, Pembroke College, Cambridge.

Civil Engineer: articled to chief engineer on Great Northern Railway and was involved in widening King's Cross to Barnet line and building Heanor to Ilkeston line, Derbyshire; joined father as Civil and Mining Engineer in Barrow 1893. Ecclesiastical Surveyor for Diocese of Carlisle 1897 - resignation 1914. Director of Barrow Haematite Steel Company from 1905; Chairman of Fishery Board, President of local associations; Vicar's warden at Dalton-in-Furness for 30 years; Member of Barrow Borough Council 1903-1919, Mayor 1919-1920. Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant of County of Lancaster. Justice of the Peace for County Borough of Barrow.

Agent of Duke of Buccleuch 1913-1945, worked from Millwood.

Member of Institute of Civil Engineers, Institute of Mining Engineers, Iron and Steel Institute.

Joined 1st Volunteer Battalion King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) as 2nd lieutenant, 26 Feb 1887.

Awarded volunteer officer's decoration May 1907.

Commanded battalion which became 4th King's Own October 1912 on. 1914 officer in command, trained and sent to front: invalided home 1915 after Festubert etc. In command until 1918 when regular army took over command of territorial battalions.

Captain in regular army reserve; granted rank of Lieutenant-Colonel on retirement.

Died 26 Apr 1945 aged 80. Buried at Satterthwaite, 5 May 1945.
ArrangementBox List.

BDBUC/1. Buccleuch letters, in, 1854-1869.

BDBUC/2. Buccleuch letters, in, 1870-1874.

BDBUC/3. Buccleuch letters, in, 1875-1878.

BDBUC/4. Buccleuch letters, in, 1879-1882.

BDBUC/5. Buccleuch letters, in, 1883-1885.

BDBUC/6. Buccleuch letters, in, 1886-1888.

BDBUC/7. Buccleuch letters, in, 1889-1892.

BDBUC/8. Buccleuch letters, in, 1893-1895.

BDBUC/9. Buccleuch letters, in, 1896-1899.

BDBUC/10. Buccleuch letters, in, 1900-1903.

BDBUC/11. Buccleuch letters, in, 1904-1906.

BDBUC/12. Buccleuch letters, in, 1907-1910.

BDBUC/13. Buccleuch letters, in, 1911-1913.

BDBUC/14. Buccleuch letters, in, 1914-1919.

BDBUC/15. Wadham/Nicholl correspondence, 1854-1879.

BDBUC/16. Wadham/Nicholl correspondence, 1880-1889;

Memoranda of interviews, 1854-1933.

BDBUC/17. Correspondence files 1 - 78.

BDBUC/18. Correspondence files 82 - 128.

BDBUC/19. Correspondence files 130 - 257.

BDBUC/20. Mining papers.

BDBUC/21. Mining papers.

BDBUC/22. Mining papers.

BDBUC/23. Furness Estate vouchers 1854-1857; 1873-1878.

BDBUC/24. Furness Estate vouchers 1878-1881; 1955-1957;

Bank books 1864-1903.

BDBUC/25. Royalty returns.

BDBUC/26. Royalty returns 1941-1961;

Accounts of ore shipped 1824-1825.

BDBUC/27. Shipments 1835-1854.

BDBUC/28. Shipments;

Leases and plans, South End, Walney.

BDBUC/29. Accounts, Cranke with Duke 1850-1854;

Accounts, Wadham with Duke 1854-1876.

BDBUC/30. Accounts, Wadham with Duke 1876-1889.

BDBUC/31. Accounts, Wadham with Duke 1889-1912.

BDBUC/32. Accounts, Wadham with Duke 1913-1923.

BDBUC/33. Accounts, Wadham with Duke 1823-1932.

BDBUC/34. Wadham letters, out, 1850-1854;

Wadham letter books 1854-1868.

BDBUC/35. Rentals and schedules.

BDBUC/36. Furness Estate rentals 1932-1960.

BDBUC/37. Rentals 1960-1969;

Furness Estate Cottages 1920-1962.

BDBUC/38. Draft rentals, rent audits etc.

BDBUC/39. Tracings.

BDBUC/40. Plans.

BDBUC/41. Mining applications.

BDBUC/42. Miscellaneous.

BDBUC/43. Miscellaneous.

BDBUC/44. Walney papers; wreck; fishery.

BDBUC/45. Walney papers.

BDBUC/46. Leases, agreements etc. on quarries, farms etc., 1855-1928.

BDBUC/47. Miscellaneous.

BDBUC/48. Wadham personal;


BDBUC/49. 17th and 18th Century papers;


BDBUC/50. Lindal Church.

BDBUC/51. Dalton Church, Dalton School, Askam National School.

BDBUC/52. Parliamentary papers;

Churches, schools etc.

BDBUC/53. Mining reports, 1893-1899.

BDBUC/54. Mining reports, 1900-1904; 1895-1912.

BDBUC/55. Mining reports, 1905-1911.

BDBUC/56. Mining reports, 1911-1916.

BDBUC/57. Mining reports, 1917-1925.

BDBUC/58. Mining reports, 1925-1933.

BDBUC/59. Mining reports, 1934-1936.

BDBUC/60. Reports on quarries, sandpits, brickworks etc., 1917-1947.

BDBUC/61. Leases: mining and agricultural;

Ulverston Mining Company Ltd.

BDBUC/62. Miscellaneous.

BDBUC/63. Mining reports 1890-1893;

Reports on quarries, sandholes etc., 1903-1916.

BDBUC/64. Postage books;

Index books etc.

BDBUC/65. Photocopies;

Printed books.
Catalogue levelFonds
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