Archive centreKendal
ReferenceWDX 884
TitleParkin Family of Ullswater
DescriptionRecords of the Parkin family of Ravencragg and Sharrow on the east shore of Ullswater.
The records include papers relating to a small number of inter-related families: Parkin 1788-1927; Rowley 1879-1924 , Hebson 1779-1906 and Deane 1672-1916. There are papers relating to farms and estates bought or inherited by the family - the majority of which lie to the east of Ullswater on the flank of Barton Fell. These include Bonscale 1752-1931, Cote Farm 1738-1898, Cross Dormont 1759-1925, Mellguards 1777-1935, Morland 1617-1853, and Swarthbeck 1745-1921. There are also papers relating to a small number of estates in Cumberland, in particular near to Whitehaven 1672-1916, which came to the Parkin family through the marriage of Hugh Parkin (1753-1838) to Sarah Margaret Macdowell (1770-1858). The estate papers mainly relate to land tenure in the form of title deeds, wills and settlements, but also relate to mining interests in the Whitehaven estates.
The records also include papers created, held by, or relating to the Parkin family solicitors, Little and Company of Penrith, (previously known as Little and Lamonby). The sudden death of both Major William Hugh Parkin (1842-1910) and his son, Colonel William Hugh Parkin (1869-1911) meant the Parkin estate was administered by the family solicitors for a number of years. Papers associated with both men at the time of their death were kept by the solicitors, along with papers relating to the financial administration of land, inheritance of the family estate and other interests such as the Eamont Harriers and Barton Parish Church.
Extent12 boxes
ContextThe records of the Parkin family mainly relate to the lives of the second William Hugh Parkin (1842-1910) and the third William Hugh Parkin (1869-1911). Due to the early death without issue of the third William Hugh Parkin in 1911, the land and estate was left to a cousin, a great grandson of the Reverend Charles Parkin. The successor, William Hugh Whitehead (1906-1940), was an infant at the time of William Hugh Parkin's death and assumed the name Parkin in 1927.
Some papers within the collection do relate to earlier members of the Parkin family. The father of the first William Hugh Parkin (1801-1881) was Hugh Parkin; in turn one of the four sons of James and Phyllis Parkin of Appleby in Westmorland. Hugh Parkin (1753-1838) married Sarah Margaret Macdowell (1770-1858), daughter of Sarah Deane of Keekle Grove, Whitehaven in 1795. Hugh and Sarah Parkin lived at Skirsgill House in Dacre and had five children namely: Sarah Margaret (1796-1849) who married Colonel Spedding of Cheltenham; James (1797-1860) who married Augusta Jane Thornton and bought the Laithes Estate, Skelton, Cumberland in 1840; Reverend Charles (1799-1884) of Lenham, Kent; William Hugh (1801-1881) of Ravencragg and Anthony (1803-1890) of Sharrow.
In 1841 William Hugh Parkin (1801-1881) married Catherine Corney Hebson, daughter of William Hebson of Penrith; they had one son, the second William Hugh Parkin who also lived at Ravencragg.
This 2nd William Hugh Parkin fulfilled various offices and roles in the community during his lifetime; as Justice of the Peace from 1871, High Sheriff of Westmorland in 1881 and Councillor for Patterdale on Westmorland County Council. He joined the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry as Lieutenant and rose to the rank of Major.
His son, the 3rd William Hugh Parkin, also joined the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry and rose to rank of Colonel, having been injured whilst serving in the Boer War. He was an agent for Lord Lonsdale and lived at Whale on the Lowther estate.
He too took up a number of public offices including Councillor for Westmorland County Council, serving on the boards of both West Ward Rural Council and Board of Guardians and as a Justice of the Peace from 1899.
ArrangementWhen the 12 boxes of records were accessioned in 1987 all boxes were fumigated which possibly led to the somewhat muddled order of the records. As no original order was obvious to the archivist, a decision was made to create four sub fonds for the records: Family, Westmorland estates, Cumberland estates and Solicitors.
Catalogue levelFonds
Subject termsFamily
Estates (land)

Show related name indexes

CodePerson/Corporate namesDates
NA920Parkin; William Hugh (1842-1910); Major; Justice of the Peace1842-1910
NA921Parkin; William Hugh (1869-1911); Colonel; Justice of the Peace1869-1911
NA1055Parkin family of Ullswater; fl 1801-1911; family, landownersfl 1801-1911
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