Place codePAX137
Full place name entryAppleby/Appleby/East Ward/Westmorland
Place NameAppleby
Area3East Ward
Grid RefNY6820

Show related catalogue records

ReferenceTitleDescriptionDateArchive centre
CQPBO/2/2/2Copies of other court's bastardy orders1878Whitehaven
WDSO 399Westmorland Conservative and Unionist Association: Appleby branchMinutes 1939-2002; balance sheet summaries 1959-1996; analysis of receipts and expenditure 1985-19951939-2002Kendal
WDEC 2St Anne's Hospital, ApplebyDeeds and property records, Minutes, photographs, correspondence, financial and other records13th century-1981Kendal
WDS 71Appleby County Primary SchoolAppleby County Primary School was built in 1910 on Station Road, Appleby as the new Central Council School replacing the Appleby British School and the Bongate National Schools, opening on 17 October 1910. Bongate National School was erected in 1844 on a site given by the Earl of Lonsdale, with a master's house built in 1863 at the expense of Miss Ann Newell Hill of Castle Bank. Appleby St Lawrence British School was erected in Chapel Street in 1849 and enlarged in 1875. A third school, St Lawrence Girls and Infants School was built in 1871 on a site given by the Earl of Lonsdale in High Wiend and opened on 19 February 1872; it closed on 19 December 1963 and joined up with the Central Primary School.1863-1973Kendal
WDSO 385Appleby and District Stick and Wheel ClubMinute book 1967-20131967-2013Kendal
WDX 1834Appleby Grammar School PhotographsPhotographs of school trip to Paris 1959; CCF 1955-1957; HMS Pinafore cast 1968; Cast of Our Town, undated; aerial photograph of school, undated; staff photograph, undated; Edgar Hinchcliffe and Marion Aspinall, undated. Also programme for Quarter cententury Open Day1957-1974Kendal
WDSO 381Appleby Engineering SocietyMinutes 1948-1995; AGM 1957-1990; video - Shaw process precision steel castings; notice of talk 1991; correspondence and programmes files 1985-1986, 1986-1987, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1989-1990, 1990-1991, 1992-1993, 1993-1994, 1994-1995; Rules with syllabuses 1956-1990c.1948-c.1993Kendal
BDHJ/398/1/34Transfer of mortgage and reconveyance Transfer of mortgage: 17 Jun 1863

1) Magdalen Agnes Gandy of Oaksland, Windermere, Westmorland, Widow; Henry Gandy of Eden Grove near Appleby, Westmorland, Esquire; Thomas Harrison of Kendal, Attorney-at-Law, and John Parkin of Kendal, Westmorland , Manager of the Bank of Westmorland

2) The Reverend John Romney of Whitestock Hall, Colton, Lancaster, Clerk in the Holy Orders

3) Thomas Willcock of Quarry Howe, Windermere, Squire and Francis Webster of Kendal, Westmorland, Marble Manufacturer

Consideration: £2000

Premises: All that messuage, tenement and estate called and commonly known by the name of Crooks Higher Crames and Haybridge estates, lying and being in Colton, Lancaster

Signatures and seals: Magdalen Agnes Gandy, Henry Gandy, Thomas Harrison, John Parkin, John Romney, Thomas Willcock & Francis Webster

Witnesses: Colin Munro, Joseph Ellwood & D. Harrison

Reconveyance: 9 Nov 1872

1) Thomas Wilcock, Francis Webster (aforementioned)

2) John Romney (aforementioned)

Consideration: £2000

Premises: All that messuage, tenement and estate called and commonly known by the name of Crooks Higher Crames and Haybridge estate, lying and being in Colton, Lancaster

Signatures and seals: Thomas Wilcock and Francis Webster

Witness: Gilbert Procter
Jun 1863-Nov 1872Barrow
WDX 1848Handbills from Westmorland Inns and Thomas Greenwood, flour merchant of Kendal and Pennington and Middleton, ironmongers of Windermere.Inns include Kings Head Inn, Appleby, Kings Arms, Kirkby Stephen, White Swan, Brough, Salutation Inn, Ambleside, Ferry Inn, Windermere, Kings Arms, Shap and Kings Arms, Patterdale.1826-1868Kendal
WDSO 185/12Excavation and survey archive reports1999-2000Kendal
WDS 46Appleby Grammar SchoolThe origins of Appleby Grammar School lie in the three chantries established in the town's two medieval churches; those of the Blessed Virgin Mary (founded c1260 by William de Goldyngton, Mayor of Appleby) and of St. Nicholas (founded in 1334 by Robert de Threlkeld), both in the Church of St. Lawrence, and that of the Virgin Mary (founded by William L'English before 1344) in the Church of St. Michael, Bongate. These chantries, constituted to celebrate masses for the souls of their founders, were also endowed (as deeds of 1478 and 1518 [WSMB/A] and 1533 show) with monies for the maintenance of salaried priests who gave instruction to the boys of the town, initially in the church itself. The first specific mention of a school occurs in a deed of 1452/53, when John Marshall, then appointed Vicar of St. Michael's sold to Thomas Lord Clifford a burgage in Appleby "extending in length to a certain narrow street called school house gate".
The school was not severely affected by the passing of the Chantries Act in 1547, its revenues being replaced by a grant payable from the income of the Rectory of Crosby Ravensworth, and further bequests were made from the wills of Robert Langton (Archdeacon of Dorset 1486-1514 and educated in Appleby) and Miles Spenser (d. 1569). These legacies enabled the Borough to purchase Royal Letters Patent in 1574 and so provide a firm basis for the continued establishment and survival of the Grammar School, by instituting ten governors to manage its revenues and appoint a master and under-master. The incumbant headmaster in 1574, John Boste, later a Catholic convert and martyr (and canonised in 1970) was followed in 1580 by Reginald Bainbrigg, a considerable scholar, who made tours of Hadrian's Wall in 1599 and 1601 and corresponded with William Camden and Sir Robert Cotton on antiquarian matters. On his death (c.1613) he bequeathed some 295 volumes to the school library, which grew considerably in size as witnessed by the catalogues of 1656, 1782 and 1847, its funds being augmented each year by contributions from leaving pupils. The library is now in the care of the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
The records show further supplements to the Master's incomes were derived from the rentcharge of £20 from the Manor of Newton Garths, Co. Durham (purchased in 1575), the rents of New Hall, Sandford (purchased in 1684) and the tithes of Drybeck (first leased in 1661 to the Governors). More recently, two former pupils James Whitehead (Lord Mayor of London 1888-89) and John Percival (Bishop of Hereford 1895-1918) provided important legacies to the school. The school archives also display the long connection between the school and Queen's College Oxford, whose foundation statutes in 1341 permitted the preference of natives of Cumberland and Westmorland. The school devised the appointment of Masters onto the college provost in 1671, and the majority of Masters between 1573 and 1886 were Queen's graduates. The creation of Hastings scholarships in 1739 allowed further opportunities for Appleby boys to attend the college.
When eventually, the fifteenth century "little school" in School House Close, Chapel Lane, became inadequate, Reginald Bainbrigg acquired land in Pear Tree Garth for the construction of a new school, completed around 1607. A Head Master's house facing "School Wynde" (now Low Wiend) was constructed in 1671. Further extensions and modifications to provide boarding accommodation were made in 1826. Official criticism of the school in 1869 by the Schools Inquiry Commission revealed an uncertain future as a high grade classical school. In 1868 there were only 16 pupils attending but by 1880 there were 80 boardeds alone. Fruitless proposals were made by the governors to rebuild and amend the existing buildings, and in 1887 construction of a new school was completed at Battlebarrow, on the outskirts of the town, on a site provided by land purchased from St. Anne's Hospital and Lord Hothfield. A new scheme for the administration of the school along more modern lines was implemented in 1891. Thereafter, there followed a steady growth in pupil numbers, from 45 in 1887, 68 in 1914, 135 in 1940 to 170 in 1955, when girls were first admitted. In 1960, the school became a comprehensive institution and expanded rapidly, so that by 1974, 400 years after the establishment of the Elizabethan post-chantry Grammar School, there were over 560 pupils on the school roll.
WDSO 185/9Excavation and survey archive reports1997-1998Kendal
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